bossism and controlling labour

It turned the Dutch Reformed Church’s role as the guardian of morality, and the party’s role as protector of Christian civilization, into the concept of *baasskap*, bossism, the white man’s right to control the labour of others.

— De Villiers, M. (1988). White Tribe Dreaming, p.307



It is quite impossible to prescribe a way of making experimental works of art. In the relevant sense of ‘experimental’ we are looking for outcomes that, because they are unexpected, cannot in principle be intentionally generated.

— Donald Brook, 2012. “Experimental Art.”, p.4


Privilege similarly encourages people to be self-centred and unaccountable to others. It encourages whites and men and other advantaged groups to behave as less than adults. It makes avoiding responsibility for what they do and don’t do a path of least resistance. And yet, at the same time, these are the groups in charge of social institutions.

— Johnson, Allan G. 2001. Privilege, Power, and Difference, p.135

patterns of privilege

… sociologist David Wellman argues for a broader definition of racism that includes but goes beyond the personal. Racism is the patterns of privilege and oppression themselves and anything—intentional or not—that helps to create or perpetuate those patterns. If we extend this to other forms of privilege, then sexism and heterosexism are also more than personal expressions of hostility or prejudice, but include everything that people do or don’t do that provosts male privilege and heterosexual privilege.

—Johnson, Allan G. 2001. Privilege, Power, and Difference, p.112


We thus learn that friends are those who hold all things in common, and are useful to each other. This is the picture we have in mind when we read Socrates’ passionate assertion that the one thing he has always, with all his heart, longed for more than anything else, is friends …

— Grayling, A C. 2013. Friendship. Yale University Press, p.23